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Pariksha Vol 5 (Management Minis)

MCQs on Basic Principles of Management

Q. 1     A thinker who relates productivity with human behaviour –

  •             a. Taylor
  •             b. Mayo
  •             c. Fayol
  •             d.  None of the above

Q.2      Who among them does not belong to the Behavioural and Human Relations Approaches of management?

  •             a. Abraham Maslow
  •             b. Hugo Munsterbreg
  •             c. Frederick Herzberg
  •             d. F.W.Taylor

Q.3      Which school regards ‘a business organization as a psycho-social syatem’?

  •             a. Human Behavioural Approach
  •             b. Classical Approach
  •             c. Mental Revolution
  •             d. Bureaucracy

Q.4      The book entitled ‘The Functions of the Executive’ is written by:

  •             a. F.W.Taylor
  •             b. Mary Parker
  •             c. Chester Barnard
  •             d. William S’cott

Q.5      Mayo and his associates underscored the need for a greater and deeper understanding of the-

  •             a. economic needs of workers
  •             b. welfare of workers
  •             c. social and behavioural aspects of management
  •             d. democratic needs of workers

Q.6      what are the three important elements in an organization according to the Barnard?

  •             a. control-communication-cooperation
  •             b. communication-service-coordination
  •             c. serve-control-communication
  •             d. serve-common purpose-communication

Q.7      who was the early pioneer of the ‘System Perspective’?

  •             a. Russel Ackoff       
  • b. F.W.Taylor
  •             c. C.I. Barnard
  •             d. Max Weber

Q.8      What are the flaws of the System Approach, according to its critics?

  •             a. Not Suitable for large and complex organization
  •             b. It is short on verifiable facts
  •             c. Both a and b
  •             d. None of the above

Q.9      The human relation theorists emphasise the need for viewing workers as 😕

  •             a. People with innumerable need to satisfy           
  • b. Human Beings
  •             c. Cogs in the machine
  •             d. Social Beings

Q.10    Which statement best represents ‘the Hawthrone Effects’ ?

  • a. The management that understood human behaviour and thus the people being noticed
  • b. Excessive control on labour can increase production
  • c. Workshops should organize to change the human behaviour
  • d. Workplace Satisfaction Surveys are the only thing which increase production

Q.11    The study of management theory is important for which of the following reasons-

  •             a. It is scientific
  •             b. Management theories are interpretive and evolve with organizational changes
  •             c. it helps in decision making process
  •             d. None of the above

Q.12    Which approach to the study of organizational behaviour emphasizes the formal structure?

  •             a. The Contingency Theory
  •             b. The Human Relations Theory
  •             c. The System Approach
  •             d. The Classical Approach

Q.13    Which of the following are sub-groups of the Classical Approach?

  •             a. Individual and Bureaucracy
  •             b. Scientific Management and Human Relation management
  •             c. Scientific Management Theory and Bureaucracy
  •             d. Environment and Individual

Q.14    Which of the following is not a feature of a Bureaucracy:

  •             a. Generalism
  •             b. Hierarchy
  •             c. Specialisation
  •             d. Impersonality

Q.15    Which of the following is an example of the ‘Hawthrone Experiments’?

  •             a. The bank wiring observation room
  •             b. The relay assembly test room
  •             c. The interview programme
  •             d. All of the above

Q.16 Which of the following is not a principle of action theory?

  • a. Sociology is concerned not just with behaviour but with meaningful action
  • b. Actions can lead to changes in meanings.
  • c. Individual members will each have their own goals and interpretation of their work situation
  • d. None of the above

Q. 17     The system approach…………………………………………?

  • a. Emphasizes the technical requirement of the organsation and its needs.
  • b. Encourages the managers to view the organization both as a whole and a part of larger environment
  • c. Emphasizes the psychological and social aspects.
  • d. All of the above

Q. 18     Which of the following is an advantage of divinding the writers on organizational management?

  • a. The various approaches are completely unrelated.
  • b. The use of the term ‘school’ provides a clear distinction between each division
  • c. It enables the manager to take from the different approaches those ideas which suit best
  • d. None of the above

Q. 19     What is the major criticism of the attempt to define generalized models of management theory?

  •             a. They provide universalistic principles of behaviour.
  •             b. The categorization of writers is arbitrary.
  •             c. The structure of management is dependent on situational variables.
  •             d. The assumption of national culture.

Q. 20    What is not true about the book ‘In Search of Excellence’?

  •  a. It was published in the year 1982.
  • b. It was written by Thomas J. Peters and Robert H. Waterman.
  • c. Its purpose was to explain what makes America’s best run companies successful.
  • d. Only a and c

Q. 21     According to contingency Approach, management is:

  • a. Important
  • b. Difficult
  • c. Situational
  • d. Unnecessary

Q. 22     The only true resource of an organization, according to P. F. Drucker, is:

  • a. Capital
  • b. Management efficiency
  • c. Marketing
  • d. Human resources

Q. 23     Bureaucracy consists of :

  • a. Members of Parliament
  • b. Judges of the Supreme court
  • c. Top Political Leaders
  • d. All Civil Servants

Q.24     What does Cariner suggest happens when one idea after another fails to translate into sustainable practice?

  •             a. Ideas become as important to management decisions as is instinct.
  •             b. Corporate managers continue to trust theory.
  •             c. There is a growing disillusionment with the pedlars of managerial wisdom
  •             d. Only b and c

Q.25    The fundamental tenet of the contingency approach to organizational design is:

  •             a. Structure should always confirm to Fayol’14 design principles.
  •             b. . Structure should never confirm to Fayol’14 design principles.
  •             c. Structure should be designed to fit an organization’s particular circumstances.
  •             d. Structure should be designed to ensure that top management is firmly in control.

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